The skirmishes that ensued after the announcement of the disputed presidential election results in Kenya on the 30th December 2007 led to massive displacement, torture and loss of innocent lives and of course, livelihoods. In this pilot project, we aimed to identify whether the period of Post Election Violence in Kenya was associated with systematic changes on torture case characteristics like sexual and gender based violence, torture perpetrated by the law enforcement officers and militia groups.
This pilot project focused on the documentation and analysis as to whether we had systematic changes on torture case characteristics committed during the violence. Descriptive Survey Research Design was used. Three out of the four administrative wards in our County were purposively sampled out for the study. A total of 500 respondents; who included the Internally Displaced Persons, politicians, religious leaders, chiefs and assistant chiefs, women representatives, formed the study’s sample population and were subsequently reviewed to examine characteristics of torture cases over time.
To achieve this, the survey was conducted in several satellite Internally Displaced Person Camps in Uasin Gishu County where they provided information.
Our estimates indicated that the period of Post-Election Violence was associated with a 76%-point increase, equivalent to 380 cases of Mass forceful deportation of people, a 5 %-point increase equivalent to 25 cases of Militia/Police torture and brutal killings, and a 3% -point increase, equivalent to 15 cases of sexual and gender based violence.
The post-election violence period was also associated with a 15%-point increase, equivalent to 75 torture survivors waiting for more than 3 months to report to a healthcare facility, a police station or any other relevant authority for assistance. Sensitivity analyses confirmed that these characteristics were specific to the post-election violence time period. That legal awareness is paramount to both victims and survivors.
Funding & No Conflicts Declaration
That this 3 month pilot project was funded by the Office of Transitional Initiative USAID-KENYA.